Evaluating the intellectual level of the audience is also important if you are expected to address a crowd. But usually, with academic research papers, the only one you need to worry about is your professor.
One of the main objectives of an academic research paper is that of helping the students to get familiar with the research procedure. It also gives the students a good grasp of the research documentation methods.
If choosing a good topic is important, choosing a suitable research paper thesis is even more so. And when it comes to controversial research papers, a wrong choice can fail you in your attempt.
In a controversial research paper, the points mentioned in the body paragraphs would be of a different nature. Along with your theory you would also be discussing the various views of other people also for the purpose of contradicting them.
One of the main criteria for choosing a research paper topic is that of the objective of the specific assignment. In a controversial research paper it would be that of getting to the root of a controversy.
Even though your short research paper conclusion would be a very short paragraph, it should satisfactorily fulfill all these purposes of a conclusion.